Dr. Andrew Tompkins | Chercheur associé
University of Sheffield
Lecturer (Maître de Conférences)
Department of History
Andrew Tompkins est Lecturer (Maître de Conférences) à l'Université de Sheffield, où il enseigne l'histoire allemande et européenne du XXe siècle. De 2013 à 2016, il était Humboldt Post-Doc Fellow à la Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, financé par l'Exzellenzinititive allemande.
Ses recherches se concentrent sur l'histoire transnationale de l'Europe au vingtième siècle. Son projet actuel se penche sur la vie des Français, des Polonais et des Allemands aux bords du Rhin et de l’Oder depuis le déplacement définitif de ces frontières nationales en 1945.Sa thèse à l'Université d'Oxford, publiée en 2016 chez Oxford University Press, traitait de la contestation transfrontalière de l'énergie nucléaire en France et en Allemagne de l'Ouest pendant les années 1970.
2011-2012 Michael Foster Memorial Scholarship (DAAD)
Sujet de recherche
Fluid Boundaries? The Rhine, Oder, and Neiße Borderlands since 1945
Titre de la thèse
'Better Active Today than Radioactive Tomorrow!': Transnational Opposition to Nuclear Power in France and West Germany, 1968-1981
Résumé de la thèse
My thesis examines the opposition to civil nuclear energy in France and West Germany during the 1970s, arguing that small-scale interactions among its diverse participants led to broad changes in their personal lives and political environments. Drawing extensively on oral history interviews with former activists as well as police reports, media coverage and protest ephemera, this thesis shows how individuals at the grassroots built up a movement that transcended national (and other) borders.
They were able to do so in part because nuclear power was such a multivalent symbol at the time. Residents of towns near planned power stations felt that nuclear technology represented an intervention in their community by state and industry, a potential threat to their health, wealth and way of life. In the decade after 1968, concerns like these coalesced with criticisms of capitalism, the state, militarism and consumer society being made by a more politicised constituency. This made the anti-nuclear movement both broad-based and highly fragmented. Activist networks linked people across existing national, political and social borders, but the social world of activism was subject to its own divisions (such as between locals and outsiders or between militant and non-violent activists).
By analysing both the transnational dimensions and internal divisions of the anti-nuclear movement, this thesis revises the concepts of social movements that are prevalent in much of the existing sociological and political science literature. At the same time, it situates the anti-nuclear movement historically within the decade of upheaval that was the 1970s, while moving individual activists from the margins to the centre of protest history.
Institution de la thèse
Université de Sheffield
Directeur de thèse
Robert Gildea and Jane Caplan
Des frontières fluides ? La vie quotidienne aux abords du Rhin et de la ligne Oder-Neisse pendant la Guerre froide
Better Active than Radioactive! Anti-Nuclear Protest in 1970s France and West Germany, Oxford University Press, 2016.
"Grassroots Transnationalism(s): Franco-German Opposition to Nuclear Energy in the 1970s", Contemporary European History, 25, 1 (2016), 117–42.
with Robert Gildea, "The Transnational in the Local: The Larzac as a Site of Transnational Activism since 1970", Journal of Contemporary History 2015, Vol. 50(3), 581-605.
"Transnationality as a Liability? The Anti-Nuclear Movement at Malville", Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire 2011, 89(3-4), 1365-1379.