Prof. Dr. Nazan Maksudyan | Chercheuse

Dynamiques et expériences de la globalisation
Centre Marc Bloch, Friedrichstraße 191, D-10117 Berlin
Email: maksudyan  ( at )  cmb.hu-berlin.de Tél: +49(0) 30 / 20 93 70700

Institution principale : Freie Universität Berlin | Position : Chercheuse | Discipline : Histoire |

Biographie

Senior researcher et responsable de l'équipe de recherche du Centre Marc Bloch dans le projet de recherche financé par l'ERC, "Ottoman Auralities and the Eastern Mediterranean : Sound, Media and Power, 1789-1914" (OTTOMAN AURALITIES ; ERC Starting Grant 2021 ; Principal Investigator : Peter McMurray, Université de Cambridge).

De 2019 à 2022, Maksudyan a été professeur invité Einstein au Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut de la Freie Universität Berlin. Elle a été boursière "Europe in the Middle East - The Middle East in Europe" (EUME) en 2009 et 2010 au Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin et boursière postdoctorale Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung au Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient en 2010 - 2011 et en 2016 et 2018. De 2013 à 2016, elle a été professeur d'histoire à Istanbul et a obtenu son titre d'habilitation en 2015.

Ses recherches portent principalement sur l'histoire des enfants et des jeunes de l'Empire ottoman aux XIXe et XXe siècles, avec un intérêt particulier pour le genre, la sexualité, l'éducation, l'humanitarisme et les non-musulmans. Parmi ses publications,Ottoman Children & Youth During World War I (2019), “Control over Life, Control over Body: Female Suicide in Early Republican Turkey” (2016), Orphans and Destitute Children in the Late Ottoman Empire (2014), Women and the City, Women in the City (ed., 2014), Ottoman Children and Youth during WW1 (2019), Urban Neighborhood Formations (ed. with Hilal Alkan, 2020).

Les paysages sonores des villes ottomanes

Mon projet est une histoire sociale et culturelle comparative des paysages sonores des villes ottomanes. L'objectif est de configurer les aspects sensoriels et subjectifs des sons. J'entends donner une idée de la manière dont les paysages sonores ottomans ont été façonnés par le son trop présent de l'appel musulman à la prière, mais aussi, dans une certaine mesure, par les sons d'autres religions, par les vendeurs de rue qui dominaient la vie de la rue avec leurs activités commerciales, par les chiens, par les incendies et les pompiers, et certainement par les nouvelles technologies d'infrastructure et de communication du train, du tram, du télégraphe et du bateau à vapeur au début du siècle. La recherche s'étend également aux critiques et à la sensibilisation de certains segments de la société concernant le bruit et les réglementations antibruit. Le projet s'intéresse particulièrement aux implications du sexe, de la classe sociale, de l'ethnicité, de la religion et des rencontres entre l'homme et l'animal dans le façonnement de la vie sonore des villes.

Racial Anthropology in Turkey and Transnational Entanglements in the Making of Scientific Knowledge: Seniha Tunakan’s Academic Trajectory, 1930s–1970s

15 juin 2022

Nazan Maksudyan

Zeitschriftenartikel
International Journal of Middle East Studies 54 (1)
Edition: Cambridge University Press
Collection: International Journal of Middle East Studies 54 (1)

This article situates the trajectory of the academic life of Seniha Tunakan (1908–2000) within the development of anthropology as a scientific discipline in Turkey and its transnational connections to Europe during the interwar period and up until the second half of the 20th century. Relying on the archives of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, the archive of the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, the Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amtes in Germany, and the Prime Ministry's Republican Archives in Turkey, it focuses on the doctoral studies of Seniha Tunakan in Germany and her life as a female PhD researcher in the capital of the Third Reich, as well as her entire research career after her return to Turkey. Through Tunakan's career, the article also provides an analysis of the perpetuation of German race science in the Turkish context, shedding light upon the success of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Anthropologie, menschliche Erblehre und Eugenik (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics) and its transnational impact.

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies/article/revolution-is-the-equality-of-children-and-adults-yasar-kemal-interviews-street-children-1975/EEDD34BF2A44F4D436EF65B2E90DA3CB#article


Embracing Embodiedness, Desire and Failure: Women’s Fluid Gender Performances in Sevgi Soysal’s Oeuvre from the 1960s.

09 mai 2022

Nazan Maksudyan , Burcu Alkan

Zeitschriftenartikel
Journal of European Studies
Collection: Journal of European Studies

The ‘women’s liberation’ of the global 1960s did not entail a full range of women’s rights, feminist politics and sexual freedoms in Turkey. On the contrary, the Turkish 1960s were characterised by a patriarchal heteronormative order that imprisoned women in a passive and essentially asexual identity and denied them control over their bodies. In Turkey, women’s emancipation was postponed. At the same time, the 1960s offered a juncture of literary renewal in women’s writing and representation, embracing the dictum ‘the personal is political’. This article focuses on three works by Sevgi Soysal (1936–1976), a key name of this period whose writing is concerned with the problematisation of what Judith Butler calls ‘the compulsory order of sex/gender/desire’. Relying on queer theory, we examine how Soysal’s Tutkulu Perçem (The Passionate Forelock, 1962), Tante Rosa (Aunt Rosa, 1968) and Yürümek (Walking, 1970) represent female characters’ growing awareness of their rich spectrum of gender performances, as they embrace their desires, transformations and confusions. In this way, Soysal’s works not only take the female body ‘out of the closet’ but also explore its multitude of desires and fluid possibilities.

Maksudyan, Nazan, and Burcu Alkan. “Embracing Embodiedness, Desire and Failure: Women’s Fluid Gender Performances in Sevgi Soysal’s Oeuvre from the 1960s.” Journal of European Studies, (May 2022). https://doi.org/10.1177/00472441221090705.


Encounter and Memory in Ottoman Soundscapes: An Audiovisual Album of Street Vendors’ Cries

01 avril 2022

Nazan Maksudyan

Zeitschriftenartikel


Nazan Maksudyan, "Συνάντηση και μνήμη σε οθωμανικά ηχοτοπία: ένα οπτικοακουστικό άμλπουμ των φωνών των πλανόδιων πωλητών", μτφρ. Κατερίνα Στάθη, Τα Ιστορικά, τχ. 74, Απρ. 2022, σ. 32-60.

Nazan Maksudyan, “Encounter and Memory in Ottoman Soundscapes: An Audiovisual Album of Street Vendors’ Cries”, trans. by Katerina Stathi, Historica 74 (April 2022), 32-60 [in Greek].


Revolution is the Equality of Children and Adults”: Yaşar Kemal Interviews Street Children, 1975

17 décembre 2021

Nazan Maksudyan

Artikel
International Journal of Middle East Studies
Edition: Cambridge University Press
Collection: International Journal of Middle East Studies

In 1975, the world-famous novelist Yaşar Kemal (1923–2015) undertook a series of journalistic interviews with street children in Istanbul. The series, entitled “Children Are Human” (Çocuklar İnsandır), reflects the author's rebellious attitude as well as the revolutionary spirit of hope in the 1970s in Turkey. Kemal's ethnographic fieldwork with street children criticized the demotion of children to a less-than-human status when present among adults. He approached children's rights from a human rights angle, stressing the humanity of children and that children's rights are human rights. The methodological contribution of this research to the history of children and youth is its engagement with ethnography as historical source. His research provided children the opportunity to express their political subjectivities and their understanding of the major political questions of the time, specifically those of social justice, (in)equality, poverty, and ethnic violence encountered in their everyday interactions with politics in the country. Yaşar Kemal's fieldwork notes and transcribed interviews also bring to light immense injustices within an intersectional framework of age, class, ethnicity, and gender. The author emphasizes that children's political agency and their political protest is deeply rooted in their subordination and misery, but also in their dreams and hopes. Situating Yaşar Kemal's “Children Are Human” in the context of the 1970s in Turkey, I hope to contribute to childhood studies with regard to the political agency of children as well as to the history of public intellectuals and newspapers in Turkey and to progressive representations of urban marginalization.

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies/article/revolution-is-the-equality-of-children-and-adults-yasar-kemal-interviews-street-children-1975/EEDD34BF2A44F4D436EF65B2E90DA3CB


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