Alessandro Colleoni | Doktorand Stipendiat
PhD student in philosophy in a joint supervision between the Fondazione San Carlo in Modena, Italy, and the Centre de Recherches sur les Arts et le Langage of the EHESS in Paris, I am at the Centre Marc Bloch for a research stay at the pole 4.
My research focuses on contemporary interpretations of the Aristotelian concept of practical wisdom (phronesis), mainly the ones of Martha Nussbaum and Paul Ricoeur. I try to build an epistemological analysis of this form of knowledge, which is specific to the ethical and political domain, by questioning the way in which it can represent an interesting way of thinking about contemporary questions such as the debate around the status of human rights. On the part of my work concerning Ricoeur, I also try to build a link between his interpretation of Aristotle and his phenomenological works on human action.
Relations between phenomenology and hermeneutics, especially in the works of Paul Ricoeur; contemporary debates on the notion of universal; practical wisdom as an epistemic model.
Institution of thesis
Fondazione San Carlo, EHESS
Giovanni Giorgini, Olivier Abel
Organisation of Events
- Journée d’étude « Expérience et langage » (co-organisateur), ARP, CRAL-EHESS et IHPST-Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris (en ligne).
- Atelier des doctorants CRAL-EHESS / Fonds Ricœur 2020-2021 « Corps, narration et affectivité : enjeux d’une philosophie de la volonté » (co-organisateur), Institut Protestant de Théologie, Paris (partiellement en ligne), sous le patronage de la Commission nationale française pour l’UNESCO.
- Colloque « Première personne. Portée et limites » (co-organisateur), CEMS-EHESS et Sorbonne Université, Paris.
- Atelier des doctorants CRAL-EHESS / Fonds Ricœur 2019-2020 « L’herméneutique face aux défis du contemporain » (co-organisateur), Institut Protestant de Théologie, Paris (partiellement en ligne).
Phronèsis : la sagesse pratique au coeur de l'experience éthique
My research focuses on the concept of practical wisdom (phronesis). This concept is today discussed in various fields of philosophy, such as virtue ethics, political philosophy and the philosophy of economics. In particular, my project analyzes how the philosophers Martha Nussbaum and Paul Ricoeur reinterpreted this Aristotelian concept, in order to address current ethical and political questions.
My focus is mainly on the epistemological aspects of their theoretical framework. These approaches deny the possibility of finding a moral standard that is appropriate to every situation. Practical wisdom is understood as a form of situational knowledge, which enables the virtuous agent to find the best solution for the specific case he is facing. This way of responding to the philosophical challenge of the foundation of ethics requires a special attention from an epistemological point of view, in particular to avoid the risk of falling into a relativist position.
The importance of an epistemological inquiry is even greater concerning the contemporary applications of this concept, because it is difficult today to defend some form of teleological naturalism, such as the original Aristotelian one. The choice to analyze the perspectives of Nussbaum and Ricoeur is determined by the fact that these two authors have tried, in different ways, to directly face this difficulty. In fact, they have sought possible alternative sources for practical truth, which take into consideration both what Ricoeur calls a “claim to universality” and the awareness of the culturally and historically determined character of our access to truth.
“Droits de l’homme et expérience de la vulnérabilité : une ‘‘humanité’’ à soigner ?”, Discipline Filosofiche, vol. 30, n. 2, “Il rinnovamento dell’ermeneutica con e oltre Paul Ricœur” (2020)
“Creatività immaginativa e radicamento riproduttivo in Paul Ricœur”, ACME, v. 71, n. 2 (2018)