Vera Kallenberg | Associated Researcher

Former Member
Centre Marc Bloch, Friedrichstraße 191, D-10117 Berlin
Email: kallenberg  ( at )  cmb.hu-berlin.de Tel: +49(0) 30 / 20 93 70700 or 70707

Home Institution : Vanderbilt University, department for germanic and slavic languages | Position : Consultant, scientific collaborator | Disciplines : History |

Biography

Vera Kallenberg is a young scholar (post doc )in History associated with the Centre Marc Bloch and the ZJS (Zentrum Jüdische Studien Berlin-Brandenburg). She has received funding and scholarships from the Max-Planck-Society, the Franco-German University, the German Academic Exchange Service, the German National Academic Foundation and the Foundation for the Memory of the Holocaust Paris. Her main fields of research are European and German Jewish History (especially legal history, everyday history, gender history since the 18th century), intellectual history (Léon Poliakov, Hannah Arendt), and early Holocaust research.  

CV File
Scholarship

Fondation pour la mémoire de la Shoah (2013/2014)

Leo Baeck Fellowship 2011-2012/ Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes

DAAD-Stipendium (2010/2011)

Doktorandenstelle am Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte Frankfurt am Main (2008-2011)

Researchtopic

"JEWS IN FRANKFURT PENAL JUSTICE AROUND 1800"/

"EXTREM ALLTÄGLICH: JÜDINNEN UND JUDEN IN DER FRANKFURTER STRAFJUSTIZ UM 1800.”


In my PhD project, I analyze the treatment of Jewish women and men in the Christian-governmental authorities’ dispensation of penal justice at the turn of the 18th to the 19th century. I thereby look at the differences between Jewish people in terms of their agency (courses of action). I am also interested in possible changes in the treatment of Jewish men and women and changes in their own procedures in this period of accelerated political, social and cultural progress between 1779 and 1814. My sources are records of criminal proceedings of the Peinliches Verhöramt which was the Christian-governmental authority for both prosecution and sentencing in minor cases in Frankfurt. My research project is based on 354 cases of criminal proceedings that involve Jews as delinquents, accused, victims, witnesses, relatives and investigators.


By analyzing court records concerning Jews, I’d like to understand the significance of the category Jewish for the dispensation of penal justice. This implies the Christian perspective as well as the Jewish perspective. With regard to the perspective of the Christian authorities and the perspective of non-Jewish actors, this means to analyze Jewishness as a legal ‘label’ vs. social-cultural category. With regard to the perspective of Jewish actors, I consider Jewishness as basic condition and social-cultural form of existence for their treatment and agency in court.


With this study I pursue a double objective. The first is reconstructing Jewish everyday life and life conditions around 1800. From a conceptual point of view, I am interested, secondly, in (Re-)writing German-Jewish history as both a history of entanglements (in terms of Christian-Jewish relations and inner-Jewish relations) and a decentered history that is narrated from divers perspectives and implies a greater focus on the world of ordinary people. Therefore, I focus on interactions and exchange processes on both the level of actors and institutions and the level of law. My project is located at the intersection of Cultural history, Everday history and Gender history as well as Social history, historical crime research and Criminal law history. This combination of different research perspectives and questions requires different levels of analysis. I therefore combine qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis and detailed micro-level analysis (that means case studies).

(cotutelle)
Title of thesis

Les Juifs devant le Juge autour de 1800 – une analyse des actes procéduraux de la juridiction criminelle des autorités chrétiennes de Francfort-sur-le-main (1780-1814)

Summary of thesis

For the first time in the field, this dissertation explores, systematically and praxeologically by way of qualitative analysis, the treatment of Jews by and their agency within Christian authoritarian criminal jurisdiction at the turn of the 19th century. The study looks at the criminalization of Jews within penal and regulatory law (Policeyrecht) as well as within specific legislation pertaining to Jews and judicial praxis between 1780 und 1814. Due to a decreased body of source material after 1806 and due to the fact that shifts between 1780 and 1814 are particularly visible within agent’s discursive negotiation processes, I drew on microanalyses of selected cases in order to trace the ambivalent status of Jews in penal and regulatory law (Policeyrecht) within judiciary praxis. Drawing on quantitative analyses and qualitatively analyzed case studies I contextualize these cases. The project focuses on the two following areas of conflict: “Jewish maleness(es), honour, and violence” and “gender, menial relations and Jewish households”, and illuminates them with the aid of microanalyses. Analyzing six case studies I elaborate on how Jewish women and men came before, or went to court, how they acted there, and along which lines lawyers and judges made their cases and assessed penalties. In so doing, I exhibit the interplay between penal law, juridical factors and the respective offender’s actions and social status, particularly their being Jewish, and the impact this had on their treatment and agency in court.

The project has three main ambitions: One is an analysis of Frankfurtian criminal justice and a contribution to the history of Jewish delinquency around 1800. Another lies in exploring criminal records/files with regard to a history of Jewish everyday and cultural life as well as gender relations in Frankfurt around 1800. The third is a reflection on the way of narration of this kind of (hi)story. This thesis is conceived as a multi-perspective narrative on interwoven relations, analyzing both inner-Jewish encounters and those between Jewish and non-Jewish actors.

Key words: German-Jewish history, 18th century, 19th century, Germany, Holy Roman Empire, Frankfurt, imperial city Frankfurt, principality of Frankfurt, Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, history of criminal law, history of criminal justice, penal law, regulatory law, criminal jurisdiction, judiciary praxis, delinquency, deviance, Jews, treatment, agency, microanalysis, microhistory, qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis, Jewish households, Gender relations, Menial relations, honor, violence, property delinquency, Gender Studies, everyday history, cultural history.

Supervisor

Karl Härter (MPIeR Frankfurt, TU Darmstadt), Michael Werner (EHESS)

Projects

Non-Unity in Jewish History: Jewish men and women before the Frankfurt Penal Court, 1780-1814 (Manuscript in preparation, under contract with Wallstein Publishers).

 

Léon Poliakov (1910-1997) – an intellectual history (postdoc project).

 

As from January 2017: Consultant for Barbara Hahn (Vanderbilt University) and research associate, historical-critical edition of the collected works of Hannah Arendt (co-editor of the ‘Origins of totalitarianism’/ ‘Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft’)

Activities

Professional Memberships

Member of the working group “Individual, society, and culture at the time of National Socialism”, Centre Marc Bloch Berlin

Member of the working group “Jewish history and historiography”, ZJS Berlin

Member of Society for the research of Jewish History (GEGJ)

Member of the Interdisciplinary Center for German Studies (Ciera Paris)

Jüdinnen und Juden in der Frankfurter Strafjustiz 1780-1814. Die Nicht-Einheit der jüdischen Geschichte

September 17, 2018

Vera Kallenberg

Edition: Wallstein
ISBN: 9783835330863

Wie wurden Jüdinnen und Juden vor Gericht behandelt und welche Handlungsspielräume hatten sie?

Juden im frühneuzeitlichen Strafrecht sollten wie alle Untertanen in der hierarchisierten Ständegesellschaft behandelt werden. Gleichzeitig existierten diskriminierende Bestimmungen, die nur für Juden galten und ihnen einen Sonderstatus zuwiesen. Vera Kallenberg analysiert erstmals systematisch, wie sich dieser rechtliche Sonderstatus auf die Behandlung und Handlungsmöglichkeiten von jüdischen Frauen und Männern vor dem Strafgericht der christlichen Obrigkeiten auswirkte. Dies zeigt die Autorin am Beispiel der Reichsstadt Frankfurt am Main mit ihrem jüdischen Ghetto, der »Judengasse«, und vor dem Hintergrund der Umbrüche zwischen Spätaufklärung und dem Ende der napoleonischen Ära. Die Reformvorhaben in dieser Zeit zielten auf die staatsbürgerliche Gleichstellung der Juden sowie auf eine Reform der Strafjustiz und des Gerichtswesens. Wie die Autorin zeigt, erwies sich diese Übergangsphase aus der Perspektive der jüdischen Minderheit jedoch als äußerst ambivalent. Damit macht sie die Widersprüche und Ungleichzeitigkeiten sichtbar, die die jüdische Geschichte Frankfurts in diesem Zeitraum durchzogen.


Intersectionality und Kritik. Neue Perspektiven für alte Fragen.

September 25, 2012

Vera Kallenberg , Meyer, Jennifer; Müller, Johanna M.

Edition: Springer VS
ISBN: 978-3-531-17726-7

Die bisherigen Debatten um Intersectionality haben gezeigt, dass sich eine kontextunabhängige Definition von Intersektionalität nicht angeben lässt. Darüber hinaus bezeugt das ungebrochene Interesse an dieser Debatte, dass es eines kritischen Reflexionsinstrumentes von Ungleichheit und Differenz in Wissenschaft und Politik bedarf. Was also ist das Verhältnis von Intersektionalität und Kritik respektive kann Intersektionalität kritisch sein?

Dieser Band behandelt die Frage in dreierlei Hinsicht: Erstens wird Intersectionality im Spannungsfeld von wissenschaftlichen und politischen Praktiken analysiert. Zweitens wird Intersectionality als Methodenreflexion, das heißt als Kritik an herkömmlichen Methoden der jeweiligen Disziplinen, präsentiert. Drittens werden Ansätze diskutiert, die Intersectionality als kritisches Instrument für die Reflexion von Geschichte und Gesellschaft fruchtbar machen.



Affiliated Institute

© Centre Marc Bloch 2018 - Deutsch-Französisches Forschungszentrum für Sozialwissenschaften, Berlin

© Centre Marc Bloch 2018 - Deutsch-Französisches Forschungszentrum für Sozialwissenschaften, Berlin