Dr Gilles Lepesant | Researcher

Mobilities, Migrations, Reconfiguration of Spaces
Centre Marc Bloch, Friedrichstraße 191, D-10117 Berlin
Email: Gilles.Lepesant  ( at )  sciencespo.fr Tel: +49(0) 30 / 20 93 70700

Home Institution : CNRS | Position : Senior researcher | Disciplines : Geography |

Biography

Gilles is Senior researcher at CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/National Center for Scientific Research) in geography and Associate fellow at the Asian Energy Studies Centre (Hong Kong Baptist University). He is also Lecturer at Sciencces-Po Paris and at CIFE (Centre international de formation européenne - Master in Global Energy Transition and Governance - Nice/Berlin). Before joining the CNRS, Gilles spent 3 years in Berlin (at WZB-Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung), 18 months in Prague (Cefres-Centre français de recherche en sciences sociales) and 2 years in Warsaw (at College of Europe, Natolin).

Researchtopic

The research investigates the spatial dimension of the energy transition in Europe induced by the uptake of renewables and the energy efficiency policies.

 

Globally, the spatial distribution of critical metals introduces new patterns to an energy geography so far dominated by geopolitics around oil and gas resources. At the European level, energy systems are complex networks of technology, markets and regulations that are initiated at the EU and at the national level with different implementation strategies at the local and regional level. Indeed, the rise of renewable energies, the opening-up of the national markets, the emergence of regional markets (Nordpool) and European public policies in the field of energy and climate (ETS, interconnections between Member States, shared objectives regarding energy efficiency, emissions reduction and renewables energies growth) have affected the spatial organisation of the European energy system. At the national level, decentralized energy production supported by regulatory changes and by the uptake of renewables are new challenges for State authorities and distributors.

 

At the Marc Bloch Center, the project focuses on the interplay between different levels of governance (EU, national authorities, local and regional authorities) in the implementation of energy transition policies. The research aims at highlighting historical, economic and social and institutional factors that inhibit or accelerate the energy transition, especially regarding the uptake of renewable energies and the implementation of energy efficiency measures.

 

The research carried out refers to several theoretical approaches (multi-level governance, Europeanization, Socio-technical regimes, industrial geography) and aims at providing an input to the body of literature dedicated to the new geographies of energy.

 

A territorial approach to climate action and resilience

Cities and regions are at the forefront of implementing ambitious measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change but progress in these areas relies very much on co-ordination across levels of government at local, national and EU level. The research carried out focuses on the territorial dimension of the energy transition and of the adaptation policies to climate change.

The growing role of renewable energies, the opening-up of the markets as well as public policies implemented in the framework of the European Energy and Climate policy are reshaping the European energy landscape. Cities and regions’s role is increasing in various ways, including through the support provided to the local industry.

In terms of adaptation, climate change is expected to have different impacts across Europe, most cities and regions being however confronted to significant changes regarding rise of temperatures, submersion and / or flood risks, episodes of drought.

The research aims at highlighting historical, economic and social and institutional factors that inhibit or accelerate the energy transition and the implementation of adaptation measures at the sub-national level.

Energy transition as well as adaptation to climate change require a locally tailored approach but progress also depends on national and EU authorities and on co-ordination across levels of government. Hence the necessity to understand how national and EU stakeholders enable and support local governments for their place-based actions to foster the energy transition and to build systemic resilience.

The research refers to several theoretical approaches (multi-level governance, europeanization, socio-technical regimes, industrial geography) and aims at providing an input to the body of literature dedicated to a geographical perspective of climate and energy policies.

Hintergrundpapier zur Rolle von kritischen Metallen bei der Energiewende

September 07, 2021

Gilles Lepesant , Deutsch-französische Büro für die Energiewende

Edition: Office franco-allemand pour la transition énergétique. Deutsch-französisches Büro für die Energiewende

Hintergrundpapier zur Rolle von kritischen Metallen bei der Energiewende

Das Deutsch-französische Büro für die Energiewende veröffentlicht in Zusammenarbeit mit Gilles Lepesant vom Centre Marc Bloch ein Hintergrundpapier zum Thema:

Die Rolle von kritischen Metallen bei der Energiewende:
Herausforderungen und Strategien

Die sogenannten kritischen Metalle sind ein zentrales Thema für die soziale und ökologische Nachhaltigkeit der Energiewende. Bislang stammen die meisten dieser Metalle aus nicht-europäischen Ländern, deren Sozial- und Umweltgesetzgebung häufig unzureichend ist. Daher müssen die EU-Mitgliedstaaten Recycling und eine effiziente Rückverfolgbarkeit entwickeln und sogar Bergbauaktivitäten auf ihrem eigenen Boden wieder aufnehmen.

Neben einem Überblick über die Nachfrage und das Angebot, die durch die Energiewende entstehen, werden in diesem Hintergrundpapier die verschiedenen politischen, sozialen und ökologischen Fragen im Zusammenhang mit kritischen Metallen erläutert. Anschließend werden die Vor- und Nachteile der Optionen zur Erhöhung der europäischen Selbstversorgung und zur Stärkung der europäischen Standards in der gesamten Wertschöpfungskette präsentiert.


Publications

Books (selected) :

  • Gilles Lepesant (Dir.) (2018), Énergies nouvelles, territoires autonomes ?, Presses de l’INALCO, Paris. http://www.inalco.fr/publication/energies-nouvelles-territoires-autonomes.

Contributions to Edited Volumes (selected) :

  • Gilles Lepesant (2020), The German energy transition:  ambitions under the test of reality, Fondation Robert Schuman, Question d'Europe, n°546 10 février 2020.
  • Gilles Lepesant (2018), « Quel rôle pour les villes dans la transition énergétique suédoise ? Le cas d'une entreprise municipale de Malmö », in : Gilles Lepesant (Dir.) (2018), Énergies nouvelles, territoires autonomes ?, pp. 181-205. Presses de l’INALCO, Paris. http://www.inalco.fr/publication/energies-nouvelles-territoires-autonomes.
  • Gilles Lepesant (2017), « Implementing EU renewable energy policy at the subnational level - Navigating between conflicting interests », in Douglas Arent, Channing Arndt, Mackay Miller, Finn Tarp, and Owen Zinaman (eds), The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions, Oxford University Press.

Journal papers (selected) :

  • Gilles Lepesant (2018), La transition énergétique face au défi des métaux critiques, Études de l’IFRI (Institut français de relations internationales), Paris, janvier. https://www.ifri.org/fr/publications/etudes-de-lifri/transition-energetique-face-defi-metaux-critiques-une-domination-de
  • Marianne Cohen, Gilles Lepesant, Farida Lamari, Clelia Bilodeau, Petra Benyei, Stéphane Angles, Julien Bouillon, Kevin Bourrand, Ramla Landoulsi, Delphine Jaboeuf, Maria Alonso-Roldán, Isidro Espadas-Tormo, Veronica Belandria, Philippe Silar, Moussa Dicko (2017), « Biomolecules from olive pruning waste in Sierra Mágina – Engaging the energy transition by multi-actor and multidisciplinary analyses », Journal of Environmental Management. Publication en ligne : 12 avril 2017. http://authors.elsevier.com/sd/article/S0301479717302827
  • Gilles Lepesant (2016), Implementing EU renewable energy policy at the subnational level - Navigating between conflicting interests, WIDER Working, United Nations University, UNU-WIDER Paper 29/2016, Avril, https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/implementing-eu-renewable-energy-policy-subnational-level
  • Gilles Lepesant (2016), « Entre Russie et Union européenne, un "entre-deux" énergétique ». In: Regards sur l'Eurasie. L'année politique 2015, Les Études du CERI, (Sous la direction de Anne de Tinguy), n°219-220.