Publications


Simulative Souveränität. Eine Soziologie Politischer Ordnungsbildung

March 01, 2023

Andrea Kretschmann

Edition: Konstanz University Press
ISBN: ISBN 978-3-8353-9155-0


Awkward Archives

March 01, 2023

Margareta von Oswald , Jonas Tinius, Bernd Scherer, Lynhan Balatbat-Helbock, Hannes Hacke, Yann LeGall,Franka Schneider, Tahani Nadim

Edition: Archive Books
ISBN: 978-3-948212-92-9

Awkward Archives proposes a manual for academic teaching and learning contexts. An ethnographic research approach is confronted with the demands of archival research as both disciplines challenge their inner logics and epistemologies. Through fieldwork and ethnographic tools and methods, both analogue and digital, the editors take various contemporary archival sites in Berlin as case studies to elaborate on controversial concepts in Western thought. Presenting as such a modular curriculum on archives in their awkwardness—with the tensions, discomfort and antagonisms they pose.

With case studies on Haus der Kulturen der Welt, the Hahne-Niehoff Archive and the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, among others.



Les Provinces du temps. Frontières fantômes et expériences de l'histoire

February 09, 2023

Béatrice von Hirschhausen

Monographie
Espaces et milieux
Edition: CNRS éditions
Collection: Espaces et milieux
ISBN: 2271145368

Les cartes électorales de l’Ukraine et de la Pologne de ces dernières décennies ont souvent donné à voir le dessin des empires passés qui s’étaient partagé ces territoires. Les frontières fantômes sont ces traces laissées par des entités politiques défuntes dans les pratiques sociales contemporaines. Comment et pourquoi des limites territoriales, qui n’ont plus de réalité politique, peuvent-elle réapparaître après plusieurs générations ? Pourquoi semblent-elles s’être imprimées dans l’esprit des gens ?
C’est à partir de terrains menés en Europe centrale et orientale, et notamment en Roumanie, que Béatrice von Hirschhausen tente de comprendre ce phénomène fascinant. Sillonnée d’anciennes frontières d’empires, la région permet d’observer certains de leurs fantômes. Elle offre un véritable laboratoire pour étudier la production des espaces : entre histoire et culture, entre routines et imaginaires. Cette analyse géographique de l’action individuelle comme des attitudes collectives, montre comment les sociétés se pensent à partir de l’espace. Elle permet d’expliquer des comportements non par un « nous » identitaire ou par des mentalités mais par des conventions locales plus ou moins stables : « ici, on fait comme ça ». Une réflexion neuve sur les différences culturelles.


Podcast Radio Marc Bloch : #2 Les frontières fantômes de l'Europe: Dialogue avec la chercheuse Béatrice von Hirschhausen

« Une approche sensible et érudite qui révèle une géographie fantomatique. » Marc Semo, Le Monde, 8 mars 2023

« Voici un livre dense et savant que l’on aurait pu lire et savourer pour ses belles analyses de l’inscription du passé, de l’histoire dans l’espace, sur les lieux. Mais la guerre en Ukraine transforme “les Provinces du temps” – quel beau titre -, de la géographe Béatrice von Hirschhausen, en outil pour penser ce présent de violence avec plus de profondeur. » Nicolas Offenstadt, L’Humanité, 11 mars 2023

« Avec érudition, Béatrice von Hirschhausen s’appuie en grande partie sur une abondante cartographie et des enquêtes de terrain pour mettre en évidence la permanence de cartes mentales à la fois tangibles et fantasmées, carburants des discours nationalistes. » T.Y., Le Monde diplomatique, mai 2023

Revue de Presse



Youth Cultures of Activism and Politics

January 26, 2023

Nazan Maksudyan

Zeitschriftenartikel
The Oxford Handbook of the History of Youth Culture The Oxford Handbook of the History of Youth Culture
Collection: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Youth Culture The Oxford Handbook of the History of Youth Culture

Youth cultures’ engagement with activism and politics, through which young people attempt “to initiate and resist change in the social order,” has produced a sizable literature. A discussion of this topic traces this engagement and its changes over time. First, nationalist youth cultures of the early twentieth century stressed duty, responsibility, and idealism. Later, the anti-establishment youth cultures of the 1960s and 1970s aspired to change the world on a global scale. Anarchistic and nonconformist youth subcultures of the 1980s and 1990s cultivated apathy toward traditional politics. Finally, globally dissenting millennials focus their concerns on democratic governance, ecology, and global social justice.

Maksudyan, Nazan, 'Youth Cultures of Activism and Politics', in James Marten (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Youth Culture (online edn, Oxford Academic, 14 Apr. 2021), https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190920753.013.27,



Transferring Asylum Norms to EU Neighbours

January 02, 2023

Irina Mützelburg

Monographie
The European Union in International Affairs (EUIA)
Edition: Palgrave Macmillan
Collection: The European Union in International Affairs (EUIA)
ISBN: 978-3-031-04527-1

This book analyses why the Ukrainian state established asylum laws and policies in the thirty years since 1991, even though the number of asylum seekers was very low. International and non-governmental organisations transferred international asylum norms to Ukraine. Various state and non-state actors participated in this process, translating, spreading, and resisting those norms. In many cases, legislative adoption was driven by domestic politicians’ pursuit of recognition by international organisations, such as the European Union and the Council of Europe, and by their desire to meet conditionality requirements. NGOs sought to influence administrative practices, alternating between confrontational and conciliatory, formal and informal approaches, and often relying on personal contacts. Actors used and shifted between scales in order to transfer norms or resist transfer. In the process, they produced, renegotiated, and confirmed those scales. For instance, NGOs resorting to the European Court of Human Rights to prevent refoulement placed the European scale above the national scale. This book offers a new multi-actor and multi-scalar analysis of policy transfer.

https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-031-04528-8#about-this-book



Trafficking and Sex Work - Gender, Race and Public Order

December 30, 2022

Mathilde Darley

Edition: Routledge
ISBN: 9781032037851

https://www.routledge.com/Trafficking-and-Sex-Work-Gender-Race-and-Public-Order/Darley/p/book/9781032037851

Set in different national contexts (Brazil, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Laos, Norway, Thailand) and in different social science disciplines, the chapters of this volume aim at questioning anti-trafficking policies and their practical impact on sex work regulation.

Many actors, from media to researchers, from nonprofit organizations to law enforcement agencies, from "experts" to "reality tourists", contribute to produce knowledge on trafficking and sexual exploitation and thus to institutionalize it as a category of thought and action; by naming and framing perpetrators and victims, they make trafficking "come true" as a public problem. The book pays particular attention to the way the international expertise produced by these different actors and institutions on sexual exploitation and sex work impacts local control practices, especially with regard to law enforcement. The fight against trafficking as it gets institutionalized and put into practice then appears as a way to reaffirm a gendered and racialized public order.

Building analytical bridges between different national contexts and relying on contextualized fieldwork in different countries, the book is of great interest for academics as well as for practitioners and/or activists working on sex and gender issues and migration policies. Also, it resonates with a broader literature on the construction of public problems in sociology and political science.



Working Through Colonial Collections. An Ethnography of the Ethnological Museum in Berlin

December 15, 2022

Margareta von Oswald

Monographie

Edition: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9789461664259

Reckoning with colonial legacies in Western museum collections

What are the possibilities and limits of engaging with colonialism in ethnological museums? This book addresses this question from within the Africa department of the Ethnological Museum in Berlin. It captures the Museum at a moment of substantial transformation, as it prepared the move of its exhibition to the Humboldt Forum, a newly built and contested cultural centre on Berlin’s Museum Island. The book discusses almost a decade of debate in which German colonialism was negotiated, and further recognised, through conflicts over colonial museum collections.

Based on two years of ethnographic fieldwork examining the Museum’s various work practices, this book highlights the Museum’s embeddedness in colonial logics and shows how these unfold in the Museum’s everyday activity. It addresses the diverse areas of expertise in the Ethnological Museum – the preservation, storage, curation, and research of collections – and also draws on archival research and oral history interviews with current and former employees. Working through Colonial Collections unravels the ongoing and laborious processes of reckoning with colonialism in the Ethnological Museum’s present – processes from which other ethnological museums, as well as Western museums more generally, can learn.

With a preface by Sharon Macdonald. 

https://lup.be/collections/category-anthropology/products/152458



Commemorating the First World War and Its Aftermath: Neo-Ottomanism, Gender, and the Politics of History in Turkey

December 14, 2022

Nazan Maksudyan , Hilal Alkan

Zeitschriftenartikel
Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe
Edition: Neo-Ottoman Imaginaries in Contemporary Turkey
Collection: Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe

This chapter discusses the Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) neo-Ottomanist history politics with a focus on commemoration and memorialisation of the First World War and the “Independence War” in Turkey. These commemorations refer to a mythical Ottoman past that stresses Sunni-Muslim-Turkish imperial legacy and the prominence of Muslim faith, solidarity, and martyrdom. While they undermine the hero cult around Mustafa Kemal and pluralize heroism by including women (and other male warriors), the commemorations consciously omit the existence of non-Muslim soldiers and ethnic violence against non-Muslims. The chapter traces incorporation of mythical narratives of women warriors into the centennial memorialisation in order to explore the shift in the construction of masculinities and femininities. Although the recognition of women’s participation in the war effort is a step towards pluralisation, women’s heroic representations reflect the same neo-Ottomanist obsession with “Muslim martyrdom” that rests on a masculinist notion of heroism, and a homogeneous ethno-religious identity.

Maksudyan, N., Alkan, H. (2023). Commemorating the First World War and Its Aftermath: Neo-Ottomanism, Gender, and the Politics of History in Turkey. In: Raudvere, C., Onur, P. (eds) Neo-Ottoman Imaginaries in Contemporary Turkey. Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08023-4_7



Sigmund Freud. Zur Einfrührung

December 01, 2022

Andreas Mayer

Monographie

Edition: Junius
ISBN: 978-3-88506-090-1

Wenige Autoren haben das 20. Jahrhundert so sehr geprägt wie Sigmund Freud, der mit der Psychoanalyse nicht nur ein neues theoretisches Denkgebäude und psychotherapeutisches Verfahren, sondern auch eine weltweite Organisation begründet hat. Freuds Schriften haben eine kaum überschaubare Fülle an Sekundärliteratur hervorgebracht und waren Gegenstand zahlreicher, bis heute andauernder Kontroversen. Diese Einführung des Wissenschaftshistorikers Andreas Mayer sucht einen Neuzugang, indem sie deren Genese in ihren wissenschafts- und kulturhistorischen Kontexten erhellt und ihren kollektiven Charakter aufzeigt. Im Gegensatz zu einer Auffassung, die die zentralen Begriffe Freuds als stabile begriffliche Einheiten begreift, wird eine dynamische Perspektive entfaltet, die die Spuren des historischen Prozesses an den Texten selbst aufzeigt.

https://www.junius-verlag.de/Programm/Sigmund-Freud-zur-Einfuehrung.html